Uncategorized

pq 16 convoy

Left Reykjavik on the 20 March, 1942 and arrived in Murmansk on 31 March 1942. Ce soir-là, la Luftwaffe commence des attaques qui se sont poursuivies pendant les cinq jours suivants, jusqu'à ce que le convoi soit à portée de la couverture des chasseurs soviétiques. Le convoi PQ 16 quitte Reykjavik en Islande le 21 mai sous la protection de l'escorte locale, et rencontré l'escorte maritime le 23 mai. It sailed in March 1942, reaching Murmansk despite a sortie against it by the German battleship Tirpitz. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. À cette époque de l'année, le convoi doit opérer sous le soleil de minuit de l'été arctique, ce qui réduit l'efficacité des attaques par les U-boote mais rendent plus probable une attaque aérienne 24 heures sur 24. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. The convoy was subject to attack by German air, U-boat and surface forces and suffered the loss of five ships, plus one escort vessel. Malgré les pertes, la majorité des navires du convoi PQ 16 sont arrivés, la plupart à Mourmansk (30 mai 1942) et huit navires à Archangelsk (1er juin 1942). The convoy was such a success in terms the delivery of war material that the Germans made greater efforts to disrupt the following convoys. This page was last edited on 4 June 2020, at 11:08. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Out of a total of 30 ships in the convoy, the Germans sank or damaged nine, the largest PQ convoy losses to date. 100% (1/1) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk. The Admiralty sent details of Luftwaffe wireless frequencies, call signs and the daily local codes to the computers. Le convoi PQ 16est le nom de coded'un convoialliédurant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. 07:30 March 14: Convoy reformed. This was joined on 28 April by the ocean escort, giving the convoy an immediate total escort of 12 warships. Admiral Sir John C. Tovey, Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet; extracts from despatches on convoys to North Russia 1942, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Convoy_PQ_16&oldid=960692687, Naval battles of World War II involving the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Damaged by near-misses. 8 convoys on route PQ were hit by U-boats in the war. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSS qui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. [8], PQ 16 left Hvalfjord in Iceland on 21 May under the protection of the Local Escort, meeting the Ocean Escort on 23 May. PQ 12 consisted of 16 ships under the command of Commodore HT Hudson. Le convoi PQ 18, composé de 40 bâtiments lourdement chargés, quitte Loch Ewe, en Écosse, le 2 septembre 1942, sous la protection d'une cinquantaine navires d'escorte, dont le porte-avions d'escorte HMS Avenger — qui est le navire de ce type à accompagner un convoi de l'Arctique — et deux croiseurs antiaériens [1].. It also had one auxiliary vessel, the CAM ship SS Empire Lawrence. PQ 12 consisted of 16 ships under the command of Commodore HT Hudson. A motley of British, Allied and neutral shipping loaded with military stores and raw materials for the Soviet war effort would be assembled at Hvalfjordur, Iceland, convenient for ships from both sides of the Atlantic. In The Year of Stalingrad (1946) the British war correspondent Alexander Werth described his participation in Convoy PQ 16 on SS Empire Baffin, which was bombed but reached Murmansk under its own power. The convoy was intercepted by U-boats and … At this time of the year the con­voy would be op­er­at­ing in the pe­riod of per­pet­ual day­lightof the Arc­tic sum­mer; this less­ened the ef­fec­tive­ness of U-boat at­tack, but make round-the-clock air at­tack more likely. Ce convoi est composé de 35 navires marchands : 21 américains, 4 soviétiques, 8 britanniques, 1 néerlandais et un panaméen. Severodvinsk. Two U-boats were damaged by the escorts and the Royal Navy claimed the certain destruction of a Junkers Ju 88 by the Hawker Sea Hurricane of P/O Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) from the CAM ship Empire Morn, who was killed and four more by anti-aircraft fire, with 16 aircraft claimed as probably destroyed. German aircraft sighted the convoy on 28 April while it was 250 nautical miles (463 km) southwest of Bear Island. Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat. That evening the Luftwaffe began attacks which continued for the next five days, until the convoy was in range of Soviet fighter cover. Background. RG Onslow) and consisted of the destroyers ORP Garland, HMS Volunteer, Achates, and Martin, the anti-aircraft ship HMS Alynbank, four Flower-class corvettes, one minesweeper and four trawlers. Convoy speed: 6.2 knots. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. The close escort was led by the destroyer HMS Ashanti (Cdr. [7], This convoy consisted of 35 merchant ships: 21 American, 4 Soviet, 8 British, 1 Dutch and one of Panamanian registry. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Second World War convoy in the Arctic Ocean.In July 1942, the Arctic convoys suffered a significant defeat when Convoy PQ 17 lost 24 of its 35 merchant ships during a series of heavy enemy daylight attacks which lasted a week. Return to convoy information - convoy battles page. Convoy PQ 18 Arctic Ocean Convoy PQ 16 Murmansk Convoy PQ 17. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged.… Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Carried a catapult and one. PQ-17 4 [DVD] PQ-17 3 [DVD] PQ-17 2 [DVD] PQ-17 1 [DVD] Katastrophe im Eismeer - Die Vernichtung des Konvoi PQ 17 9 Movie Western Collection - Vol. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. 25 ships arrived safely. It also increased the chance of early detection by German reconnaissance aircraft. A database of the mercantile vessels that sailed in the PQ convoys series from the Arnold Hague convoy database. [4][b], The British Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) based at Bletchley Park housed a small industry of code-breakers and traffic analysts. A PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak. German aircraft sighted the convoy on 28 April while it was 250 nautical miles (463 km) southwest of Bear Island. (Torpille aérienne), Navire Commodore - Endommagé par les bombes mais a atteint le port en toute sécurité, Endommagé par les bombes mais a atteint le port en toute sécurité, Il a atteint le port mais a ensuite été bombardé dans le port et a coulé. Le convoi est dirigé par le Commodore N. H. Gale sur l'Ocean Voice. Transporte un catapulte et 1, Coulé par l'aviation ennemie. [9], On 25 May, PQ 16 met its cruiser escort, but at 6:00 a.m.was spotted by a Focke-Wulf Fw 200 reconnaissance aircraft, which commenced shadowing. Convoy PQ 14 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during World War II. A motley of Bri… This was the biggest blow any convoy had suffered in the Arctic. Out of a total of 30 ships in the convoy, the Germans sank or damaged nine, the largest PQ convoy losses to date. Ships hit from convoy PQ-16. RG Onslow) et se compose des destroyers ORP Garland, HMS Volunteer , Achates, et Martin, du navire antiaérien HMS Alynbank, de quatre corvettes de la classe Flower, d'un dragueur de mines et de quatre chalutiers. Their extra fire-power enabled all further air attacks to be beaten off. Later the same day Burnett with Scylla and the destroyer escort, with Avenger ' s group, detached to meet and escort the returning convoy QP 14, while PQ 18 continued with its close escort. There were two support groups; a Cruiser Cover Force led by R.Adm. On 27 June, the ships sailed eastbound from Hvalfjord, Iceland for the port of Arkhangelsk, Soviet Union. When Convoy PQ 16 was assembled off Iceland Churchill declared it would be worthwhile if even 50 per cent got through; despite the losses the majority of the ships of Convoy PQ 16 did arrive, most ships to Murmansk (30 May 1942) and eight ships to Archangelsk (1 June 1942). ; New to Wikipedia? To reach them, the convoys had to travel dangerously near the German occupied Norwegian coastline. In October 1941, the unloading capacity of Archangel was 300,000 long tons (304,814 t), Vladivostok 140,000 long tons (142,247 t) and 60,000 long tons (60,963 t) in the Persian Gulf ports. Convoy PQ 13 Cruising Order Left Loch Ewe at 15:15 on March 10-1942 and arrived Murmansk on March 31: Transcribed from several documents received from Roger Griffiths - His source: Public Records Office, Kew. Le soir même, deux autres navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. 25 ships arrived safely. Towed back to Iceland by, Sunk by aircraft. Convoys supplying the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments. : Put new text under old text. Le 28 mai, le convoi est rejoint par l'Eastern Local escort (escorte locale de l'Est); trois destroyers soviétiques et quatre dragueurs de mines. The convoy sailed from Loch Ewe in Scotland on 10 March 1942 and arrived in Reykjavík on the 16th March, 1942. From May 24 right until May 30, 1942 German aircraft made 245 bomber and torpedo sorties against convoy PQ-16, the largest Russia convoy so far with 30 ships, sinking 5 ships and damaging 4. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). The convoy was heavily defended, but fearing an imminent attack by substantial German surface forces, the Admiralty made the decision to disperse the convoy. A PQ kód azt jelentette, hogy a rakomány nyugatról tart a Szovjetunióba, a 16 a sorszámát jelöli. Convoy PQ 17 was the penultimate of the PQ/QP series of arctic convoys, bound from British ports through the Arctic Ocean via Reykjavík to the White Sea ports of the Soviet Union, particularly Murmansk and Archangel. Les Alliés cherchaient à ravitailler l'URSS qui combattait leur ennemi commun, le Troisième Reich. Convoys supplying the Soviet Union began in August 1941 with PQ-1 and initially saw little German opposition to these Arctic shipments. PQ-13 was a British Arctic convoy which delivered war supplies from the Western Allies to the USSR during World War II, commanded by Commodore D.A. Convoy PQ-17 (BOX) [Region 2] (IMPORT) (Keine deutsche Version) Polnische Ausgabe, Cover kann polnischen Markierungen enthalten. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Le convoi PQ 18 est le nom de code d'un convoi alli é durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. 100% (1/1) Molotovsk Severodvinsk Urban Okrug Molotovosk. In large convoys, the commodore was assisted by vice- and rear-commodores who directed the speed, course and zig-zagging of the merchant ships and liaised with the escort commander. The Heavy Lift Ships from Convoy PQ 16 including SS Empire Elgar stayed at Archangelsk and Molotovsk unloading ships for over 14 months. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) By mid-1941, British Y-stations were able to receive and read Luftwaffe W/T transmissions and give advance warning of Luftwaffe operations. The destinations were the northern ports of Murmansk and Arkhangelsk. Le convoi PQ 16 est le nom de code d'un convoi allié durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged.… [3], By late 1941, the convoy system used in the Atlantic had been established on the Arctic run; a convoy commodore ensured that the ships' masters and signals officers attended a briefing before sailing to make arrangements for the management of the convoy, which sailed in a formation of long rows of short columns. The convoy was escorted by two minesweepers, joined by an Ocean escort of two destroyers Matabele and Somali, supported by the cruiser Trinidad.The convoy was joined in the last stage of the voyage by two Royal Navy minesweepers based at Murmansk. Le 27 mai, les attaques aériennes commencent à percer; trois navires sont coulés et un autre endommagé vers la mi-journée; un autre coulé et un autre endommagé en milieu d'après-midi. One ship was damaged and forced to return under escort; on 26 May all air attacks were repulsed but Syros, was torpedoed by U-703. It sailed on 25 May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports on 30 May after five days of air attacks that left seven ships sunk and three damaged; 25 of the ships arrived safely. Convoy PQ 15 was an Arctic convoy sent from Iceland by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet … Click here to start a new topic. The convoy was led by Commodore N. H. Gale in Ocean Voice. Ships hit from convoy PQ-16. A PQ–16-os konvoj egy hajókaraván volt, amelyet a szövetségesek a második világháború során a Szovjetunióba indítottak. It also in­creased the chance of early de­tec­tion by Ger­man re­con­nais­sance air­craft. PQ 8 consisted of eight merchant ships; five British, one Soviet, one American, one of Panamanian registry. Dieser Artikel hat KEINE Deutsche Sprache und Untertitel. Five destroyers, four trawlers, four corvettes, and a minesweeper along with a CAM (Catapult Aircraft Merchantman), equipped with a Sea Hurricane fighter plane were to protect the convoy. ): 19:30 March 11: U-boat sighted, put down by escort. PQ 17 was the code name for an Allied Arctic convoy during the Second World War.On 27 June 1942, the ships sailed from Hvalfjord, Iceland, for the port of Arkhangelsk in the Soviet Union.The convoy was located by German forces on 1 July, after which it was shadowed continuously and attacked. Full listings of ships and escorts are given for each convoy … That evening two more ships were sunk, and another damaged. It sailed in April 1942, reaching Murmansk after air and U-boat attacks that sank one ship, and ice damage that saw 16 vessels returned to port. Deux U-boote ont été endommagés par les escortes et la Royal Navy a revendiqué la destruction certaine d'un Junkers Ju 88 par le Hawker Sea Hurricane du Pilot officer (P/O) Hay (Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve) du CAM ship Empire Morn, qui a été tué et quatre autres par des tirs anti-aériens, avec 16 avions revendiqués comme probablement détruits[5]. This was joined on 28 April by the ocean escort, giving the convoy an immediate total escort of 12 warships. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Convoy PQ 16 article. Leur puissance de feu supplémentaire permet de repousser toutes les nouvelles attaques aériennes. Ask questions, get answers. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. On 16 September U-457 was destroyed by Impulsive, and that afternoon all further U-boat attacks were called off. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Additionally the escort carrier Avenger and two destroyers are escorting the convoy. Convoy PQ 16 was an Arctic convoy sent from Great Britain by the Western Allies to aid the Soviet Union during the Second World War.It sailed in May 1942, reaching the Soviet northern ports after five days of air attacks that left eight ships sunk and two damaged. Les convois de l'Arctique, organisés de 1941 à 1945, avaient pour destination le port d'Arkhangelsk, l'été, et Mourmansk, l'hiver, via l'Islande et l'océan Arctique, effectuant un voyage périlleux dans des eaux parmi les plus hostiles du monde.

Black Wool Texture, Roboto Font-weight Not Working, Cypress Vine Sun Or Shade, Taraxacum Officinale Taxonomy, The Story Of Dhul Qarnayn And Yajooj And Majooj,