delta iron crystal structure

0000031565 00000 n 2, a). 15 GPa before transforming into a high-pressure form termed ε-iron, which crystallizes in a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure. h�\�Ao�@����=�����Rjǒm�:���.R h����7C�4���f� ;���v?��J���hV]?�@���#��A�|������N*�ɇ�e��~�FU�I�#�����v�g�I���S臓�{2�?c�p��?t�aVZ5���%��k;}kϤR���=�&R����x�t�ZG�N�jmUw�Q4���%Y. (a) Body-centered cubic (alpha and delta Iron); (b) Face-centered cubic (gamma Iron). View JMOL 3-D Structure : Iron-delta : Wyckoff R W G : Crystal Structures 1 (1963) 7-83: Second edition. 0000041100 00000 n α-Fe can be subjected to pressures up to ca. In it's four Allotropic forms Iron takes up two different Crystal Arrangements. It is the component 0000037462 00000 n August 1, 2013 . Widmanstätten patterns, also known as Thomson structures, are figures of long nickel–iron crystals, found in the octahedrite iron meteorites and some pallasites.They consist of a fine interleaving of kamacite and taenite bands or ribbons called lamellae.Commonly, in gaps between the lamellae, a fine-grained mixture of kamacite and taenite called plessite can be found. 0000081741 00000 n Allotropic modification of iron, stable above 2552??F. These three allotropic forms of Iron are known as delta, gamma and alpha Iron. ��H^A����N^���y���y��Z�` h@O 2) Alpha ... All the products above show small spheres of Carbide instead of the the Plate like structures of Pearlite etc. 0000028412 00000 n 0000040703 00000 n 0000082238 00000 n Search for more papers by this author. 0000088265 00000 n )���nCR�,J�1_��9�ހW�y.�K֔�ق�̫{p%��2;�Q4؉�{Ѱ��s'~P�h�[���J�5X�G��ٿ��f��\�%�#��ڠW���Z�5`������JԬd�5��?�� o�}� ➽�-zy/�:$�h:���D���xp� �Kί����d"�T�j���P2��l-|����J�R�%�,EY�KC�?�n��\īj^�'`��#�����7��^`�n?��5�6W�*� ��V Crystal Structure 3 Unit cell and lattice constants: A unit cell is a volume, when translated through some subset of the vectors of a Bravais lattice, can fill up the whole space without voids or overlapping with itself. trailer � CD3-epsilon/delta and CD3-epsilon/gamma share a conserved interface between the Ig-fold ectodomains, with parallel packing of … Glossary. satyendra; March 11, 2013; 47 Comments ; bcc, cementite, critical temperature, fcc, Ferrite, heat treatment of steels, Martensite, micro structure, pearlite, phase, phase diagram,; The Iron-Carbon Phase Diagram. It is structurally stable below 910°C (1,670°F) and highly irregular after this upper temperature boundary. h޴YiX���q���������[Ԉ�@TD�Me�"�6\T���) (�D��h\1�b@�-7�j�C�|�������������u��T��� �Ӆ�H$��-�YX���pv[�R��q��pQz���&�(���L���x��W���V�B��p�磾� C�!t�nDˆ0!>!�c� �Tb&���XF8+ oBE��gI�J'wWg��wf����5P�n�T;�����]�Gm�G�]T�A�*�U��a��a����ǹc���������˭;vh�\���w�����;�T�a{W�V���4i�p�9��9a��SS���8�nJw�� ��O��\_W��O�rV���4���m�. The content of iron in delta phase is 7 – 11,5 wt.%. Crystal Structure Databases The following online resources contain files which can be downloaded for interactive viewing either from a stand-alone visualization software or viewed from the website as a Java applet. 0000030613 00000 n 0000014426 00000 n �x��T w��G�z1�c��$���F4�1WN���q!��w�hk������u����{7c�#>T�s�o���$w��r2����g�NgT��ٱa}�� ���?ٓ]�,�c����J4wԅ6^&�C�O�k�y����Q\�7�����-��s&ݲޒ��J�+�>�N�h(����������rx�35��)�����$Ue�ϰ��*���û��R ��ǯ��9���,g�9_��y���� Journal of Coordination Chemistry: Vol. On further heating pure iron … Below 773 °C (1,423 °F), alpha iron becomes ferromagnetic (i.e., capable of being permanently magnetized), indicating a change in electronic structure but no change in crystal structure. 0000001436 00000 n �+�j{%{?�΋�J��$"��+f���\u��\.��ö,"AJ���*W�G���LtBtl4�:r��R��{w��?�?���a�� ᓧ�:�� ң�C�-�[���L�G��aN�Eቀ�,t�����D��H�5��v����FK0h3g�iS�[�oSU�wK-�vX0�nEQU�%~�V� �j�KO��k��2Q������^���'. See more. 0000036133 00000 n Delta iron is the polymorphic form of iron which is stable between 1403C and the melting point; it has the same lattice structure as alpha iron. � ���꤆r9l�k�>`k�>��`���/!� S�Ͱ����4Sc�� Dr. R. M. Cornell. 0000038221 00000 n "�D�� startxref Austenite is created by heating ferrite to 912 degrees C, at which point it transitions from a body centred cubic crystal structure to a face centred cubic crystal structure. 1) Gamma Iron. Sorbite: It is a structure which consists of evenly distributed carbide of iron particles in a mass of ferrite, formed when a fully hardened steel is tempered at between 550 and 650°C. %%EOF h������O0H�R\��ba�L �Q��,A�Pͨ5�`t����U���I��* P����5� 0x #D�l�B��c��I��(�=�9ƂŹM�.�t���_�G#�H��� L�D~���7ot-sgw��R%�e���Ē @ z����X����%��NTG��q�p���,��%��h�/�gP��`' �dž��p.��w�� `�k4�����qНY���\~��dw!�Tv�� �j��%a>�uQ��/݂��[��8�����L%�J8K��N��0k�I3 If the heating of iron is continued beyond 912 deg C, then the second change in the crystal structure occurs at 1394 deg C when the austenitic grains of iron reverts back to body-centered cubic (bcc) structure known as delta ferrite. �3/A�4�l��:m}�E����N�Y��{>i���9T����s�F̫)�M=��2���T#�c�տ�T��84�l�����΂�5�oj�^({Oh'��R�vT;aӂw�@-2����4����;���� 3`0�z��9���`�̳v�mE�����]� 0000000016 00000 n Fe is Tungsten structured and crystallizes in the cubic Im-3m space group. ���W�����٬p����B,s!���~�*�~�N��5�#�K�p�]A`��� w ��Ma�0�Ȇ�>R���h4��1#��N� �����$ݜR�rd�A]-��-ey�K �l,X��`��a�a � �s��ٰ�z�%z��UZ���:rZ�dybV�h�p-���3���r�Ln����ѬŬu_�� ��$�����*}�Y;��筨1:��s�e�O'���T����#5? 0000032641 00000 n Iron, as shown in figure 1, exists in three crystal (atomic) allotropes, namely: alpha (a) iron, delta (d) iron, and gamma (g) iron. transformation and reverts to the body- centered cubic system (fig. Latest scientific works clearly confirm the existence of two different phases [9, 11]. All Fe–Fe bond lengths are 2.47 Å. 0000013776 00000 n It can dissolve slightly more carbon than alpha iron and it is a little denser. Crystal structure of delta9 stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase from castor seed and its relationship to other di-iron proteins September 1996 The EMBO Journal 15(16):4081-92 �� ��sd:�*(p�w 0000082517 00000 n 1.13 illustrates temperature dependence of mean volume per atom in iron crystal. ... For BCC crystal structure, 4 4(0.124 nm) 0.286 nm 33 R a == = Letting x = Fe atom radius + Interstitial void radius, 22 2 211 5 16 4 16 5 0.559 (0.559)(0.286 nm) 0.160 nm 16 xaaa 0000031461 00000 n Sometimes the change is obvious. osti.gov journal article: azide and acetate complexed plus two iron-depleted crystal structures of the di-iron enzyme delta9 stearoyl-acp desaturase-implications for … ��|� ���,�]&�sq�=���C���}�w�"2|?Og=#�˩*띓Y�F!R!0B 0000001864 00000 n Fig. The conventional unit cell chosen is usually bigger than the primitive cell in favor of preserving the symmetry of the Bravais lattice. 0000013881 00000 n 0000029827 00000 n This is because of the configuration of the iron lattice which forms a BCC crystal structure. Iron is polymorphic, that is, it has different crystal structures, depending on the temperature. R���X�8I���� ��M�=�h�",N��Ǔ!ax}lP�">�?0(�?6\����a�Q��R`Y�UQa���x�0N�8K���5*>6,(n�� ���H==��� �7Z�稧�,�s3Ջ��+�ӻ�'ک��í�����@4])R��DWEO�������Ğ�F�����;QBs��$T�TO*��Is�U�����a��8����h����;�E���210m2Ϥ�����Sg�=ÿ1����õ#RF\7�0�3C�]O�f>�f1s��˼��hi>�j�Ů3«3"�;��x������%! Delta iron definition, an allotrope of iron, stable above 1400°C, having a body-centered cubic lattice structure. 0000013935 00000 n Crystal Structure. 0000003499 00000 n ��W0���?�. =S���DM�B�Ħx�D"F�bl���TP���S�ⴂ��쥬E� F�q�'z�~��TAk�ԺqP&�^ԂE�?�>���C��M����*��3��3.J_�U�>��������ά�����^�YRƗ�g�}�fc)e����*.8�K��K��/Z+gQf�OYyV�LV$VX��n��#��{l�d��(� /0�p�R��H4���ft����5��)F���E�ڷ���vgi��Ӈ�����x�>�Riڴ��\��}E��ﲗ��Q!���iw`W���+cO�,�̣�x\t��S\���(�����~"� ZZ4������cq*�\%PZg��͛��t$>>*�f�Y����o���e/f�����e29���d����Us�4y#k���5⤠a�R(�3hЀ!8�F��)F0��������+;}��l�u��`(BA���Ң� �Z. 0000040021 00000 n DELTA IRON. to melting point. 0000020572 00000 n 0000081447 00000 n 0000081049 00000 n }� G���g$R�s��{%��ơ����z�?�Q���fB����@�H�5�_ ���f���=�"ӟ��>��}$�s�3]���8%����u_W��z:�ǃ��PkO�$�}�'�!D� ��'��:�';�3��g,�oH�U� Iron has a melting point of 1538 ºC (1811 K) and a boiling point of 2862 ºC (3134 K). v@>���ӫ�H�V��K���&p����!c�c&�ւ1'���@���L��0�� ]� \����TK����T�B���Qk�o�7����HA�/�}9�N�>��E� !>�!���=.݂+$=.�f����� For 25 years, Falcon Aerospace has been a leading supplier and distributor of standard and non-standard metals used in the Aerospace and Defense industries around the world. 32 0 obj <> endobj 0000031792 00000 n Under equilibrium cooling conditions, liquid iron first solidifies with a body centred cubic (bcc) crystal structure at 1538 °C which then transforms to a face centred cubic (fcc) structure at 1394 °C; finally, this fcc solid transforms again into a bcc structure at 912 °C which is stable right up to room temperature and below (Chipman, 1972). ��_��6u=0ؤ�=Q_�^B�� ��)� It is of body-centered cubic crystal structure. x�b```f``��������A��b�,g���Y��-``X�Z��0PѸt��_�e����)��ǎ�c1I ؆cn�M�Y>J�&�k���H ��k��(�v�eڗ;t7ʞ�\��)��8-F��mpGJ��L���o�M�i�|쯋�j #j�,��1`��,6�0uA�x�7�!�(��mp��9䝡���Sf�M���vk�.RY!��=b���$;��ԩ��AGV��,��1��5;&��5�Iږ���N�j�9K�&��|����#����7K�3���0��c��؜B]��хn{�)J�Ko�=�&"��+rq��L_m�ÜE�FMDҡuAǕo�.�Y��uZ9�jA�7N��K?I�A����%���-y ��t��C�� ... Iron oxide structures Close packing of anion layers. Most solids have more than 1 form possible. 6wz�_t~�����Zl���q�/Wl���Q��������p��Y���2����i}�iA,��wγ#�ˠ����tjk_�03w_�*�s����w�o�ۅ�*VP�����;Y�x'���w2�+��p���z���K n]��y�~���WD��,ƫ���W���U���]�;����$�s(ϸ`/'ve`����[�TW��r�'ij���o����+�ռC���З�+���%�O��εp]a��%v�\.px �����;������� =�)����BO�ߡ��)�u��vo�^��߇��������/�׉�42��I�o) 69, No. 0000006990 00000 n 0 This WebElements periodic table page contains crystal structures for the element iron Synthesis, crystal structures, and magnetic properties of three new iron(II) complexes with pyrrolyl-substituted triaryltriazoles. endstream endobj 33 0 obj <> endobj 34 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 35 0 obj <> endobj 36 0 obj <> endobj 37 0 obj <>stream Allotropic modification of iron, stable above 2552??F. American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database. XRD described the only delta phase stable up to the temperature of about 670 °C. 0000020184 00000 n The Iron-Carbon Phase Diagram. 0000007874 00000 n 7. 0000001927 00000 n iron, 0.8wt% carbon), Bainite, Martensite, Ledeburite (ferrite-cementite eutectic, 4.3% carbon). It is of body-centered cubic crystal structure. 0000035993 00000 n 3350 Enterprise Avenue, Unit 180, Weston FL 33331 U.S.A. Aluminum Extruded Shapes and Rolled Formed Sections. This is solid iron changing into solid iron. (2016). Delta iron, characterized by a body-centred cubic crystal structure, is stable above a temperature of 1,390 °C (2,534 °F).Below this temperature there is a transition to gamma iron, which has a face-centred cubic (or cubic close-packed) structure and is paramagnetic (capable of being only… 0000037717 00000 n Falcon Aerospace continues to set the standards in an industry where nothing less than the best is tolerated. Universität Bern, Department für Chemie und Biochemie, Freiestrasse 3, 3000 Bern 9, Switzerland. Austenitic stainless steels contain austenite, a form of iron which can absorb more carbon than ferrite. It also has a body-centered cubic structure (like alpha iron). Delta iron definition is - an iron that is stable between 1400° C and the melting point and is characterized by a body-centered cubic crystal structure. 0000006349 00000 n Iron is the basis for many types of steel, the properties being achieved by the alloying of iron with carbon, nickel, chromium and other elements in varying proportions which results in materials with vastly differing mechanical and physical properties. ?f�s��2p��݌��6��"M�H��Þ��թ۲x���9A '��8��� {�o�=�r�dE�˲簨��CфD m]��*�6��b%O#AB���}[���pl`���.��c);����G�Wn�8���k�#�� Q�`x��I 0000014037 00000 n %PDF-1.6 %���� Iron does not possess a singular form of crystalline structure, but shows three different forms or ‘allotropes’. Face centred cubic structures can absorb up to 2% carbon. 0000035486 00000 n DELTA IRON. 0000002974 00000 n 0000002439 00000 n endstream endobj 38 0 obj <> endobj 39 0 obj <> endobj 40 0 obj <> endobj 41 0 obj <> endobj 42 0 obj <>stream 0000081154 00000 n 0000067739 00000 n Crystal Structure. xref �{nGZ./�a]��TRp��X����n�c���}��s'K��(���5ܱ�㳐!k>;�+[�0ӳ��0��x48�GӇ�A�9�B�Z^n���_��KQ�T�>b�&0��/���b&{���6QrS|0%/`A��:#�K $�@�� 2^�)(��u/��\_y��Z�n@�eP�P�CS�u�^1�,2�#���/``]E��b���~N�-۽-wNdQ ��"�x��1������6�۽�/��ըz {�۽q@T�Ռ���T�T�f� ��y�G&G�8�͂;T�\�j������I�'�#�A]WxY��}�)�LFe������X�s��L�F�\4^QT�U�FgHH��7�A ��Q�E����������I�O¥N���?�2�����8�J�mu���7}�M��q�H���S���>����Awp��5Ff���2j;���i�뤇}�T������?B�Ə��P�א���}��xӯl�+�� c$d��8�� �����bd�7H��?�6&�O/�thF���H腝H�H��9P;n�h.���z��:2�2c��3J��sa�sI ]qLBk�9��Qo� rCKA}60��@�EH��%����E��F�� )�C�> p����o�S�~":��8{3�agF�����G��⢌c�g�k\��ߌf'-�����8��{� 0000088703 00000 n Below 912 °C (1,674 °F), iron has a body-centered cubic structure and is known as α-iron or ferrite. In the iron-carbon alloy system, an important phase transformation takes place between about 1,300 and 1,600°F. 0000036883 00000 n 0000033632 00000 n Face Centered Cubic Lattice. Flyingchimp . Iron can exist in multiple crystal structures depending on pressure and temperature. 0000082759 00000 n ���q�B��a;Պ���b��;�"�yӴu�l������7�״�C�u�U���h�� ��0���!�Y�_�1�%d�h,mb�J�/h���j��@G�14s����X\�;�`���3�q@����G .\;��uI����e�5}�ƽl6����K��3ʐ@_���{�L�����vW���`-v�o�E�o�,SZkދt �u�^*������ l(������Np�/o#�pMλ��#H�hMJ��6�lK����L s�Ѽ�6eJErf��c�1F�MiSo�,��U�tnrWn� 4.9 Calculate the size (radius) of the critical nucleus for pure iron when nucleation takes place homogeneously. BCC stands for Body Centred Cubic structure in which there is an iron atom present in the center of a unit cell and at each corner of the cell. Linkages of octahedra or tetrahedra. ��X����2�e���k8|0"b7��L�+�L�g�@�)�7�oiuǁ�M�� �����B���v.�l�eB�ԧ��S�;^7��R�2�v�.�������s��"�>4���Or��0 After solidification, iron has a body-centred cubic crystal structure, called delta-ferrite; when the temperature falls to 1394 °C, transformation to a face-centred cubic structure called austenite or gamma iron occurs. [Й(ɨ�젻�� ���t|�����7V���׊����c��gQ�����U+O���.o�3�kV�2�F!G�N����� O��LF�j��%F�v֫g�Ǘ����O%�H\6˛��?��nO�=�h/\T~���F>��kŘ}������)���. Nov 15, 2002. ?T��e�'w�:�.b9k��/.~�ş��Tx�9�}�ӏ�#��%�l�܇����u���Q�Q�l�6�l%��Sv�=���)��k&7�G���y�y��(��BO��[�b��2�簅��� 0000087792 00000 n Delta iron forms when molten iron solidifies at 1538°C. {�G�k-�Y�_˂� 0��|�tfX{ۮ��(�>�:�J�\�x��3t�V��[1)�fo�Y���rj'�ħlS�״������Q/�m�P(�S�=�-��k�HV�/˛�~�� �s4��p�RW��H.���Ӊ�۠���]0�N]q������ݖc�N�`�@���4�4�9��ѩ��N��Z���DJi�Iv{J|\ endstream endobj 43 0 obj <> endobj 44 0 obj [/Separation/Black/DeviceCMYK 76 0 R] endobj 45 0 obj <> endobj 46 0 obj <> endobj 47 0 obj <>stream to melting point. Alpha and delta-irons are not independent modifications of iron as they have the same crystal structure, and the physical properties of delta-iron are the high temperature version of those of α-Fe, and can be extrapolated from the temperature dependence of the properties of α-Fe. The a -iron form exists below 1625 o F (885 o C) while d -iron … 2647-2655. Here the iron … 0000039030 00000 n The structure produced by the latter method should be more accurately termed very fine pearlite. Alpha iron is an allotrope of iron with a body-centered cubic (BCC) crystalline structure. #�k�>��ة�F��iRK��%��^H�9H�`�W����Q���6���ŏh�Y��\�823�2�$۰oɗ|���S�4`�,��d�y�g��>{fw�� �E7�0��K��Y�� ����N}�]W+�_��)9qI�0�{�N3W�Vr9c���=5���+�����mF������a����c>��q2��v����y[���`X ��+|]?���50�F�n����v����X��[�[owbV6�$�o��~w\q���F����׬�-����v�O?w�:��k It is thermodynamically stable and fairly soft metal. Alpha Ferrite can only dissolve up to 0.02 percent of Carbon at 727 degree Celcius. l1�6o�+�1���Rܠ'e��#i�����"g� ���]�3�#�2G'I:q�ٚ)�YxNs1��ڻ���1V&�����-FK2�j�Pg���,��$�O�D|�K�O����B��́7F(���zLB�"(����8�7��U���"��\Ձ-�����e�$��h��~�s�>qԚ�k������x��#Q�L�و�+I��,�2�_�gI41��6ߏ�b���ő�Q��6A}����~��@�>*,� Crystal structure of iron. 88 0 obj <>stream In iron: Occurrence, uses, and properties. When you heat or cool a piece of metal to a specific temperature, that metal goes through what's called a phase change, in which its crystal structure changes. *M�����y�v-�����"X�� ���(5�;z�:?�T�ek����A�� Mx��0�)�0F>C[�Tf֞����9�_o3�8�J��A�PV�nI�+if� 32 57 0000004022 00000 n !^�I��P�q��8�H/������yH��ehl��Ç�U���&ٜ|Mŕ�U�T�G%@����R�0�/���m�$t�`�Jbj0%`^�q�vՍ��K�����0$��>�䤵��������˨3`�KLZ�ʔӘ��,LY�}�Ido#D�ݩE�;�:�n�NeMMDM�w��x5�"��.�ǣk45�ǖ���|а ?��B�t����6����u�1q��Gsk=�|�T! Fe is bonded in a distorted body-centered cubic geometry to eight equivalent Fe atoms. 0000005173 00000 n We report the crystal structure at 1.9-A resolution of a complex between a human CD3-epsilon/delta ectodomain heterodimer and a single-chain fragment of the UCHT1 antibody. ;�h�`��^��2qƓ�������Y�e�g�y]�[�x��`Y&�|=�750q�u��(�wqU��U�#?p���$�Kݻ�]c 1�anD�K%A$�&��O�QC' ⴄ�Iw �A4� 4�$�|b!�G${���A��@�i]�:Ri��U�Q'Q'S�ٓBn$����f�D�ZvN֬�_w����c�*��t��-��i��zIz���3�뻛v��^Nɭ�[ H�@��=��=�{��0�����������c�$1mFVFɽ��>��w7V��Q�T�+�3�|�U�}o���Wݯ��%T -U�X%M�b[��R��N2hl&��B&���m���rl��!�N ��?$������ ��䂕�q�t&r��`�76�)�ݤ+$�K�M�d�+"�1b��#&� �+G@� Ƀ��<8Ø���\c$�0\ 0000032747 00000 n 0000040962 00000 n 0000039204 00000 n \䰨�O�����E_ C���K0R ���F�� {'u�Qh�-؈ؕ�tvX'�Ԑ(��3]?u�o�MN�%�ƌ ��v�B�[Q�����o%xI��� fg`�\s�X�9����iYî��i��-�g��z��RT��`��fm1�D�?�TH�e 5� ����u1{6�B�y��M��,̸a2r�UH��5�Ec�U����` 6�ߟ穪-�AX�!�,�A"�Y� �/��#;�D�k�0�i$��/��З��G�j�cd�:����t�����W�ys:�1�|��ƀ����g`G?k=�ķ������!���.�)�5��χ��ߐ?q�q�q��\#�'*j{�c�6Fz�*�y$�L�Ϯ]�Z�. In iron: Occurrence, uses, and properties …is a transition to paramagnetic alpha iron, which is also body-centred cubic in structure. 0000034650 00000 n 0000038074 00000 n • Ferrite: the α-iron, is a materials science term for iron, or a solid solution with iron as the main constituent, with a body centred cubic (bcc) crystal structure. It is a ferromagnetic material that generates magnetic properties due to its crystalline nature. 18, pp. 0000039969 00000 n KC�z�q@8RP���5�B���a��cc3QAAW �5����i3 v��0�3�`��;! 0000029284 00000 n The phase diagrams are very important tools in the study of alloys for solutions of many practical problems in metallurgy. 0000067159 00000 n hބXyXǶg�gh��q�N�'j��⎂����� ��* �ʾ���aGDdUQP��(j4Qb\��\wc������jл|����f��������Ω���D"�E�\�Lp���=�9:"P7�8�`n ��h�����߷��T0���F�5�#D"�������5>(t[LhPԤ ���Qa��N��c�̐�x�W3f���~��N�Q�����NQ8Fo We specialize in providing a wide range of standard, custom, or hard to find metals, including: ALLOY, ALLOY STEEL, STEEL, STAINLESS STEEL, ALUMINUM, ALUMINUM ALLOY, TITANIUM, NICKEL, COPPER, METAL, COBALT. The structure is three-dimensional. <]>> For example, when a piece of metal melts, it goes through a phase change when the crystal structure breaks down and the metal goes from solid to liquid. ����N�h�Y���ơ�q/�1��WH8�X�p�xC� ��/�6�0��ATy&3n �� �Yqo V�d�O:n;7�ۤ���@���FbLIH���P�� 9Vv��6��}��!,XrU��F�RVw�l��ZH�^��W�\[�Tv�8������ ��&A��m�|�I`-b�"}�9��T���daѝ����s���L�{o�7ߔ߲�����,���`�t=$

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